Insurance

What is Insurance?

Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss. It is a form of risk management, primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent or uncertain loss.

An entity which provides insurance is known as an insurer, insurance company, insurance carrier or underwriter. A person or entity who buys insurance is known as an insured or as a policyholder. The insurance transaction involves the insured assuming a guaranteed and known relatively small loss in the form of payment to the insurer in exchange for the insurer’s promise to compensate the insured in the event of a covered loss. The loss may or may not be financial, but it must be reducible to financial terms, and usually involves something in which the insured has an insurable interest established by ownership, possession, or pre-existing relationship.

The insured receives a contract, called the insurance policy, which details the conditions and circumstances under which the insurer will compensate the insured. The amount of money charged by the insurer to the insured for the coverage set forth in the insurance policy is called the premium. If the insured experiences a loss which is potentially covered by the insurance policy, the insured submits a claim to the insurer for processing by a claims adjuster. The insurer may hedge its own risk by taking out reinsurance, whereby another insurance company agrees to carry some of the risk, especially if the primary insurer deems the risk too large for it to carry.

Insurance Policy

In insurance, the insurance policy is a contract (generally a standard form contract) between the insurer and the insured, known as the policyholder, which determines the claims which the insurer is legally required to pay. In exchange for an initial payment, known as the premium, the insurer promises to pay for loss caused by perils covered under the policy language.

Insurance contracts are designed to meet specific needs and thus have many features not found in many other types of contracts. Since insurance policies are standard forms, they feature boilerplate language which is similar across a wide variety of different types of insurance policies.

The insurance policy is generally an integrated contract, meaning that it includes all forms associated with the agreement between the insured and insurer. In some cases, however, supplementary writings such as letters sent after the final agreement can make the insurance policy a non-integrated contract. One insurance textbook states that generally “courts consider all prior negotiations or agreements … every contractual term in the policy at the time of delivery, as well as those written afterward as policy riders and endorsements … with both parties’ consent, are part of the written policy”. The textbook also states that the policy must refer to all papers which are part of the policy. Oral agreements are subject to the parol evidence rule, and may not be considered part of the policy if the contract appears to be whole. Advertising materials and circulars are typically not part of a policy. Oral contracts pending the issuance of a written policy can occur.

Where to find Insurance Policies in the United States is:

Progressive Insurance is The #1 Insurance Site

We offer insurance by phone, online and through independent agents. Prices vary based on how you buy.

*National average annual car insurance savings by new customers surveyed who saved with Progressive in 2017.

Progressive Home Advantage® policies are placed through Progressive Specialty Insurance Agency, Inc. with affiliated and third-party insurers who are solely responsible for claims, and pay PSIA commission for policies sold. Prices, coverages, privacy policies, and PSIA’s commission vary among these insurers. How you buy (phone, online, mobile, or independent agent/broker) determines which insurers are available to you. Click here for a list of the insurers or contact us for more information about PSIA’s commission. Discounts not available in all states and situations.

†Discount varies and is not available in all states or situations.

**Annual premium for a basic liability policy excludes travel trailer and is not available in all states.

††Annual premium for a basic liability policy excludes travel trailer and is not available in all states. No. 1 specialty RV insurer from 2017 Millward-Brown national survey data. RV insurance not available in DC or HI, and Travel Trailer insurance not available in MA.

‡No. 1 specialty RV insurer from 2017 Millward-Brown national survey data.

A leader in boat insurance from 2017 Millward-Brown national survey data.

No. 1 commercial auto insurer from SNL Financial’s 2015 national written premium data.

Savings based on 2015 consumer data collected by Hagerty on single car policies, with premiums $5000 and under, from several daily driver (“Everyday”) auto insurance carriers.

Learn more about comparison rates, which are available through Progressive Direct® in most states and situations. Rate comparisons provided here are based on our Progressive Direct auto insurance price and product, and do not include prices and products available from Progressive agents.

Name Your Price® is available in most states for new policies. Price and coverage match limited by state law. Amounts entered outside of our range of coverage prices will be shown the closest available coverage package.